What damage does diabetes do to your body?

Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body's organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and kidney, eye, gum, foot and nerve problems. As with the heart, complications here are caused by damaged blood vessels in the kidneys. Over time, high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels, walls, and kidney cells, making them thicker and unable to filter blood.



is a serious illness that can affect the eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys. It's important to understand how diabetes affects the body. Controlling blood sugar is the best way to protect your eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys.

It reduces the risk of all health problems caused by diabetes. This applies to all people with diabetes, with or without kidney damage. Ask your healthcare provider what you should do to control your blood sugar. What else can I do to protect my eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys from diabetes? Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys.

In addition, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases. Controlling diabetes and controlling blood sugar can reduce the risk of these complications or co-existing conditions (comorbidities). Diabetes causes blood sugar levels to be higher than normal. After many years, too much sugar in the blood can cause problems in the body.

It can damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, skin, heart, and blood vessels. Having diabetes increases your chances of having serious complications from the flu that could lead you to the hospital. Dra. Lisa Chow, associate professor of medicine in the division of diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism at the University of Minnesota.

Type 2 is more common in older adults, but the increase in the number of obese children has led to more cases of type 2 diabetes in younger people. If you received a diagnosis of prediabetes, lifestyle changes may slow or stop the progression to diabetes. They may recommend adding an antidepressant and mental health counseling to your diabetes management plan. Gail Nunlee-Bland, chief of endocrinology; director of the Howard University Diabetes Treatment Center.

Long-term high blood sugar can damage the nerves in your stomach that tell you when it's time to pass what you've eaten to your intestines. Type 2 diabetes has no cure, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help control the disease. Choosing a healthy lifestyle can help prevent type 2 diabetes, and that's true even if you have biological family members living with diabetes. Giulio Romeo, MD, Associate Program Director, Endocrinology Fellowship, 26% Diabetes Metabolism, BIDMC-Joslin Diabetes Center.

If diet and exercise aren't enough to control your blood sugar, you may also need diabetes medicines or insulin therapy. Keeping your blood sugar level as close to the target range as possible is the best way to help prevent or delay nerve damage.

The symptoms of

nerve damage usually occur slowly, so it's important to detect them early so you can take steps to prevent them from getting worse. On top of that, most people with diabetes also have too many triglycerides and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and too little HDL (“good”) cholesterol.