Diabetes is a serious medical condition that can have a wide range of symptoms if left untreated. Symptoms can range from digestive problems, sexual issues, difficulty detecting a full bladder, dizziness and fainting, to not knowing when blood sugar is low.
Hyperglycemia(high blood sugar levels) is a potentially serious condition that occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin or insulin isn't used properly. An uncontrolled high blood sugar level can weaken the body's immune system and make it harder to fight infections.
It also makes it easier for bacteria to penetrate and thrive in damaged tissues and organs.Polyuria is the medical term for frequent urination. It is a symptom of diabetes that can cause extreme dehydration and kidney damage if the blood sugar level is not kept under control. Polyuria in diabetes is the direct result of high blood sugar. Normally, when the kidneys produce urine, they reabsorb all of the sugar and return it to the bloodstream.Extreme fatigue is another symptom of diabetes that can have a major impact on quality of life.
Polyphagia is a term used to describe excessive hunger or increased appetite. It's one of the three main signs of diabetes, along with increased thirst and frequent urination. Eating may help relieve diabetic polyphagia in the short term, but it won't treat the underlying cause. It can make the problem worse by raising already high blood sugar levels.Some researchers believe that high blood sugar levels damage the small blood vessels in the inner ear.
Others say it increases pressure in the fluid-filled cochlea, which acts as the ear's microphone. Uncontrolled diabetes can affect many organs in the body due to the damaging effects of high blood sugar levels. Many of the symptoms will go away once your blood sugar is controlled. Others can cause permanent and irreversible damage.The longer you have diabetes and the less you control your blood sugar level, the greater your risk of complications.
In some cases of diabetes, the body does not produce enough of the crucial hormone, while in other situations, the body cannot properly use the insulin that is produced. Over time, persistent inflammation can damage the retina and cause a condition known as diabetic retinopathy, in which blurred vision and loss of vision are common.ADI (acanthosis nigricans) is most commonly seen in adults with diabetes and causes raised patches of pink, mauve, or flesh-colored skin with well-defined borders. However, when you are very thirsty, even after consuming a good amount of water every day, this could be a sign of underlying diabetes. If you have any or all of these symptoms of diabetes, it's critical that you call your primary care doctor right away.A healthcare provider who specializes in diabetes (endocrinologist) can diagnose brittle diabetes by reviewing your blood glucose levels over time.
Oral diabetes medications, such as metformin (Glumetza, Fortamet, and others), may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.Diabetic lipoid necrobiosis (NLD) is caused by changes in blood vessels due to uncontrolled diabetes. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor may request additional tests to check for the presence of common antibodies in type 1 diabetes, using a test called C-peptide, which measures the amount of insulin produced when tested simultaneously with fasting glucose.Uncontrolled diabetes can also damage the small vessels in the eye, causing them to bleed and lose fluid to the retina (the layer of tissue at the back of the eye). When a person has diabetes, the insulin produced by the pancreas cannot move glucose to cells for energy, as it is supposed to.In addition, of the 88 million adults in the United States who have prediabetes, research shows that those with higher than normal blood glucose levels have an increased risk for hearing loss compared to those with normal levels. Diabetes is currently one of leading causes of blindness in people aged 20 to 74 in America according to data from The National Eye Institute.