diabetesincreases the risk of developing high blood pressure, which puts more pressure on the heart. Diabetes changes the way the blood vessels in your muscles work. This can weaken the heart, the most important muscle.
This can put you at risk for heart failure, which occurs when your heart doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Diabetes is on the rise worldwide and is a serious lifelong illness that can cause heart disease, stroke and lasting nerve, eye and foot problems. Let's talk about diabetes and the difference between the three types of diabetes. So what exactly is diabetes and where does it come from? An organ in the body called the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that controls blood sugar levels.
When you have too little insulin in your body or when insulin doesn't work properly in your body, you may have diabetes, the condition in which you have abnormally high levels of glucose or blood sugar. Normally, when you eat food, glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is the body's fuel source. The pancreas produces insulin to transport glucose from the bloodstream to muscle, fat and liver cells, where the body converts it into energy.
People with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood because their body can't transport glucose to fat, liver, and muscle cells to convert it into energy and store it as energy. There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces little or no insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults.
However, about 80% of people with diabetes have what is called type 2 diabetes. This disease often occurs in middle adulthood, but it is now diagnosed in young adults, adolescents, and now even children, due to high rates of obesity. In type 2 diabetes, fat, liver, and muscle cells don't respond to insulin properly. Another type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes.
This is when high blood sugar occurs during pregnancy in a woman who hasn't had diabetes before. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born. These women are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes for the next 5 years without changing their lifestyle. If your doctor suspects that you have diabetes, you will probably get a hemoglobin A1c test.
This is an average of your blood sugar levels over 3 months. You have prediabetes if your A1c is 5.7 to 6.4%. Any value equal to or greater than 6.5% indicates that you have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a wake-up call to focus on diet and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent problems.
If you don't control your blood sugar level, you could develop eye problems, have problems with foot sores and infections, have problems with high blood pressure and cholesterol, and have problems with your kidneys, heart and other essential organs. People with type 1 diabetes should take insulin every day, which is usually injected under the skin with a needle. Some people can use a pump that supplies their body with insulin all the time. People with type 2 diabetes can control their blood sugar level through diet and exercise.
But if not, they'll need to take one or more medicines to lower their blood sugar levels. The good news is that people with any type of diabetes, who maintain good control of blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure, have a lower risk of kidney and eye diseases, nervous system problems, heart attacks and strokes, and can live a long and healthy life. In addition to symptoms, diabetes can cause long-term damage to our body. Long-term damage is commonly referred to as diabetic complications.
This can cause high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. .