Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and narrowing of blood vessels (atherosclerosis). Eye problems (retinopathy). Some people with diabetes develop an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy that can affect their vision. If retinopathy is detected (usually through an eye screening test), vision loss can be treated and prevented.
Foot problems Diabetes Foot problems are serious and can result in amputation if left untreated. Nerve damage can affect foot sensation, and increased blood sugar can damage circulation, slowing the healing of sores and cuts. That's why it's important to tell your family doctor if you notice any changes in the way your feet look or feel. Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose) and releases it into your bloodstream.
When the blood sugar level rises, it signals the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts as a key to allowing blood sugar to enter the body's cells and use it as energy. Hyperglycemia, also called increased blood glucose or increased blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and, over time, causes serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially nerves and blood vessels. If you have prediabetes, have your blood sugar checked at least once a year to make sure you haven't developed type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes (formerly known as insulin-dependent, juvenile or childhood-onset) diabetes is characterized by poor insulin production and requires daily insulin administration. Women with gestational diabetes are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery. People with IGT or IFG have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although this is not inevitable. However, treatment can prevent complications and also improve the daily lives of patients with type 1 diabetes.
The WHO global report on diabetes provides an overview of the burden of diabetes, the interventions available to prevent and control diabetes, and recommendations for governments, individuals, civil society and the private sector. It recommends that action be taken in areas such as increasing access to insulin and promoting the convergence and harmonization of regulatory requirements for insulin and other medicines and health products for the treatment of diabetes. Diabetes treatment involves diet and physical activity, along with lowering blood glucose and levels of other known risk factors that damage blood vessels. The WHO module on diagnosis and treatment of type 2 diabetes brings together guidelines on the diagnosis, classification and treatment of type 2 diabetes in a single document.
There is no cure for diabetes yet, but losing weight, eating healthy foods, and being active can really help. Family members of people with type 1 diabetes are sometimes tested for the presence of diabetic immune system cells (autoantibodies). Your baby is more likely to be obese as a child or teenager and to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. The longer you have diabetes and the less you control your blood sugar level, the greater your risk of complications.
Follow your diabetes eating plan, exercise regularly, don't smoke, and take diabetes medicines as prescribed to help prevent or delay these problems.