If left untreated, diabetes can cause devastating complications, including heart disease, nerve damage, blindness, kidney failure, and amputations. And the risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50 percent higher than for adults without diabetes. Untreated diabetes can lead to long-term complications or even death. In people with type 2 diabetes, these complications may include heart disease, kidney damage, peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain), or loss of vision.
Chronic diabetes diseases include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetic diseases include prediabetes and gestational diabetes. Prediabetes occurs when blood sugar levels are higher than normal. However, blood sugar levels are not high enough to be called diabetes.
And prediabetes can cause diabetes unless steps are taken to prevent it. However, it may go away after the baby is born.
Symptoms ofdiabetic ketoacidosis include feeling thirsty, frequent urination, vomiting, trouble breathing, weakness, confusion, and fruit-smelling breath. Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and getting regular physical activity are ways that people with diabetes can help protect their heart and brain as they age.
Two out of three diabetics have high blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. People with diabetes are ten times more likely to have their toes and toes removed than people without the disease. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels, also called blood sugar, which is the body's main source of energy, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. According to the CDC, people with diabetes have more than double the health care costs compared to people without diabetes.
People with diabetes have a high risk of these diseases because high blood sugar levels can damage the heart and blood vessels. Without insulin, people with diabetes have to use fats for energy, which creates harmful amounts of chemicals called ketones. If your healthcare provider suspects that you have diabetes or prediabetes (a precursor to type 2 diabetes), he or she will order other tests to confirm the diagnosis. Despite treatments for diabetes, ketoacidosis can still occur and, without immediate insulin injections, can be fatal.
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults ages 20 to 74, according to the National Eye Institute. However, the most important ways to delay diabetes complications are to keep blood sugar levels under control, eat well, exercise, lose weight, avoid smoking, and get treatment for high blood pressure and high cholesterol. In addition, according to the CDC, people with diabetes tend to have clinical obesity, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure more often. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or the body can't use it effectively.
This may be helpful for people with more severe diabetes who don't respond strongly enough to the levels of insulin their body produces. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor may request additional tests to check for the presence of common antibodies in type 1 diabetes using a test called C-peptide, which measures the amount of insulin produced when tested simultaneously with fasting glucose. .